The Quebec government adopted the Act to secure handicapped persons in the exercise of their rights in 1978. Among other things, this law:
- Created a government disability office (the Office des personnes handicapées du Québec – OPHQ) to promote the social, school and workplace integration of people with disabilities;
- Added disability to the grounds for discrimination forbidden by the Quebec Charter of human rights and freedoms;
- Planned for the development of accessible sidewalks and parking spaces reserved for people with disabilities;
- Required the OPHQ to maintain a register of accessible housing units (This obligation was removed later on);
- Required owners of buildings open to the public to submit a plan ensuring the accessibility of their buildings within five years (This obligation was removed later on);
- Planned for the accessibility of public transportation within a reasonable timeframe;
- Planned for the accessibility of phone services within a reasonable timeframe;
- Required employers with at least fifty employees to submit a plan to the OPHQ regarding the hiring of people with disabilities within a reasonable timeframe (This obligation was removed later on);
- Allowed for special classes for children with disabilities;
- Allowed for the schooling of people with disabilities until the age of twenty-one, if needed.
Quebec’s disability law was amended in 2004.
To learn about the current version of the law, click here.